Drug laws in Florida

To be charged with possession would mean that you had a controlled substance in your possession illegally. Drug trafficking is a more serious offense. It is the offense of illegally selling, transporting, or importing drugs. The controlled substance act states which drugs are illegal for selling, producing, distributing and possessing. Depending on how much you have on hand, your penalties may vary and can range between 5 years to a possible life sentence.

Drug Schedules

Schedule I: These are drugs that do not serve as any medical use and have a high potential for drug abuse. Examples would be heroin, LSD, and ecstasy.

Schedule II: Substances, drugs, or chemicals that can lead to psychological or physical dependence. These drugs have a high potential for drug abuse. Examples would be cocaine, methamphetamine, and fentanyl.

Schedule III: Drugs, chemicals, or substances that have moderate to low potential for psychological or physical dependence. These drugs have a moderate potential of leading to drug abuse. Examples would be anabolic steroids, ketamine, and codeine.

Schedule IV: Chemicals, drugs, or chemicals that have a low potential of any kind of dependency. These drugs also have a low to moderate chance of abuse. Examples would be Xanax, valium, and soma.

Schedule V: Substances, drugs, or chemicals that have the lowest potential for creating dependency. These drugs normally contain some type of narcotic. Examples would be Robitussin, Lyrica, and Parepectolin.

Penalties

Depending on the type of drug offense the charges and penalties may vary. Drug possession is a misdemeanor offense and can lead to a small fine or a few days in jail. Drug trafficking is a first-degree felony for both state and federal charges. The maximum prison sentence is 40 years.

Listed below are the federal penalties for drug trafficking

  • 10 years to life in prison for
    • 1 kilogram or more of heroin
    • 5 kilograms or more of cocaine
    • 1000 kilograms or more of marijuana
    • 280 grams or more of a mixture of substances that contain cocaine
    • 100 grams or more of phencyclidine (PCP)
    • 1 kilogram or more of a mixture of substance that contains a detectable amount of phencyclidine (PCP)
    • 10 grams or more of a mixture of substances containing lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)
    • 400 grams or more of a mixture or substance containing N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylmethyl)-4-piperidinyl] propenamide
    • 50 grams or more of methamphetamine, its isomers, salts, and salts of its isomers
    • 500 grams or more of a mixture or substance that contains a detectable amount of methamphetamine, its isomers, salts, or salts of its isomers.
  • 5 to 40 years for
    • 100 grams of heroin
    • 500 grams of cocaine
    • 28 grams or more of a substance containing cocaine
    • 10 grams or more of phencyclidine PCP
    • 100 grams or more of a mixture containing PCP
    • 1 gram or more of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)
    • 100 kilograms of marijuana
    • 5 grams or more of methamphetamine, its isomers, salts, and salts of its isomers
    • 40 grams or more of a mixture or substance containing N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylmethyl)-4-piperidinyl] propenamide
  • Not more than 5 years for 50 kilograms of marijuana.